Factoid:  Facts and figures to use when you want details rather than just the general idea

Nutrition and Mental Health Factoids

The difference between cognitive performance and cognitive health:  Cognitive performance  relates to the ability of the brain to function on a specified task(s) over a short time period (e.g. the ability to concentrate during an exam or improve alertness and hand eye co-ordination whilst taking part  in sport and exercise). ‘Cognitive health’ relates to a much more fundamental requirement for adequate nutrition to maintain the healthy working order of the brain.

The Effects of Food and Drink on Cognitive Health and Performance: A Summary and Market Review; Leatherhead Research white paper

 Genetics and psychiatric conditions: The Cross-Disorder Group of the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium discovered shared genetic risk factors between 5 major psychiatric disorders: autism spectrum    disorder (ASD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), bipolar disorder (BD), major depressive disorder (MDD), and schizophrenia share common genetic risk factors.

Results of the   genome-wide association study (GWAS) reveal single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 2 genes — CACNA1C and CACNB2 — both of which are involved in the balance of  calcium in brain cells, are implicated in several of these disorders.    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/779979; Lancet Feb 28, 2013


Nutrition Factoids

Live bacteria needed in probiotics:  5-20 billion live bacteria per day (Spirituality & Health May/June    2013 p. 33)

Fast/Slow caffeine metabolizers: 4 cups coffee per day decreased risk of heart attack by 17% in  fast metabolizers; this amount increased risk in slow metabolizers by 260%. In fast  metabolizers, 1 cup of coffee is better protection than 2 cups.  (Spirituality & Health, May/June  2013 p. 33)

“Gluten-free”: FDA definition of the term, a limit of less than 20 parts per million (ppm) gluten.

Cherries and Gout: Cherry extract blocks the tubular reabsorption of urate and increases urate excretion in the urine. Cherry juice may also block xanthine oxidase and reduce the production of uric acid.   Cherry extract has a synergistic effect with allopurinol. Moreover, cherries contain anthocyanins,   which are somewhat anti-inflammatory. http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/803289?nlid=31192_1521&src=wnl_edit_medp_wir&uac =39259FT&spon=17

Alert Energy gum, by Wrigley, has 40 mg caffeine/piece of gum.

Flax seed: Do not eat more than three or four tablespoons of raw flax seeds a day. They contain cyanogen which is harmless in small amounts, but in large amounts could act to keep your thyroid from  taking up enough iodine. Cyanogen is rendered inactive by cooking.  Simopoulos, Artemis P., The Omega Diet, Harper Perennial, 1999, 149-150.

ALA conversion to EPA:To get from ALA to EPA, the required nutrients are: vitamin B3, vitamin B6,  vitamin C, zinc, and magnesium.

B-12: About 1% of cobalamin is absorbed orally in subjects without intrinsic factor. The daily requirement of cobalamin is 1.0–2.5 µg, and thus, large oral doses may meet these needs. A dose of 500 µg of cobalamin given either sublingually or orally is effective in correcting cobalamin    deficiency.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1884303/ , Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2003 December; 56(6):    635–638.


General Health Factoids

To purify air in your surroundings:  you need one potted plant for every 100 square feet of home of office space  (NASA) reported in Spirituality and Health, May/June 2013, p. 44.


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